IP is an acronym for “Ingress Protection”, or “International Protecting rating”, which marks the degree of resistance and protection against liquid or solid seepage in electrical equipment. It was classified by the CEI EN 60529/1997 (ex CEI 70-1) standard by the Internation Committee in Electrical Engineering. A worldwide organisation that avoids discrepancies by ensuring an equal and regulated distribution on an international level.
The first number after IP indicates the degree of protection towards people in case of contact with dangerous components or in case of infiltration of any solid (in other words, dust-proof), whilst the second number indicates the level of protection against humidity and water (so, simply put, waterproof).
0 - no protection
1 - protected against solids that exceed a 50 mm diameter
2 - protected against solids that exceed a 12 mm diameter
3 - protected against solids that exceed a 2,5 mm diameter
4 - protected against solids that exceed a 1 mm diameter
5 - protected against dust and debris
6 - fully protected against dust and debris
0 - no protection
1 - protected against vertical dripping water
2 - protected against water and rainfall (with a maximum slant of 15°)
3 - protected against water and rainfall (with a maximum slant of 60°)
4 - protected against all splashes of water
5 - protected against gushes of water
6 - protected against strong gushes of water
7 - protected against the impacts of temporary immersions
8 - protected against the impacts of constant immersions
In certain areas of your house like bedrooms, living room and entryways you won’t need a specific protection for indoor suspension lamps, wall lamps or spotlights. On the other hand, if you’re setting up lamps in your bathroom, kitchen or outdoor spaces then you’ll need an IP protection to ensure water or debris don’t permeate into the appliances, damaging them and potentially the people and objects around them. There’s a big difference between IP21, IP44 and IP65: the higher the IP value the higher the lamp’s resistance to humidity, water and debris.
Should you choose an IP23 or something with a higher value? What’s the difference between IP44 and IP65? Here are some examples of some of the most popular degrees of protection available on the market.
IP21 marks the lowest protection degree and it’s used in areas like kitchens and bathrooms because it shields the product against dust and condensation drops.
This protection degree can be deemed sufficient to apply to outdoor lamps, like the ones found under porch canopies or sheltered balconies. IP23 illumination appliances must not come into direct contact with rain or other weather-induced complications.
This protection degree is spatter-free, which makes it ideal for lamps placed in proximity of showers, bathtubs or sinks. IP44 is also perfect for any outdoor appliance exposed to humidity and splashes.
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This level guarantees complete protection against any solid or liquid seepage from steam, drops and water splashes. Whether your lamp is placed outdoors and exposed to rain, or indoors in close proximity of showers and sinks, the IP65 protection degree will shield it from any harm caused by humidity and water.
Customise your outdoor EIVA lamp starting from scratch or buy a pre-assembled one from our website. All EIVA products are patented and boast an IP65 protection degree, which shields them from rain and storms. Check them out now.
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Or choose from the EIVA lamps available on our website.